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Remotely Exploitable Buffer Overflow in Microsoft MDAC
21 November 2002
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Foundstone Research Labs Advisory - 112002 - MDAC

Advisory Name: Remotely Exploitable Buffer Overflow in Microsoft MDAC
Release Date: November 20, 2002
Application: MDAC versions 2.1, 2.5 and 2.6
Internet Explorer 6.0 Gold, 5.5 SP2, and 5.01 SP3
Platforms: Windows NT/2000
Severity: Critical
Vuln Type: Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution
Vendors: Microsoft Corporation (http://www.microsoft.com)
Authors: Barnaby Jack (labs@foundstone.com)
CVE Candidate: CAN-2002-1142
Reference: http://www.foundstone.com/advisories

Overview:

Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) is a collection of components that provide the back-end technology which enables database access for Windows platforms. MDAC is installed and implemented by default in Windows 2000, and within the Windows NT 4.0 option pack.

One of the components within MDAC, Remote Data Services (RDS), enables controlled Internet access to remote data resources through Internet Information Services (IIS). Such access allows users to execute files including .dll and .exe extensions, thereby providing increased site functionality. In general RDS embodies two functional technologies: Data Space and Data Control. The technology exploited within MDAC utilizes the DataSpace object of RDS which acts as a middle layer between the local command execution and the web front end. Due to incorrect string handling within the RDS interface, it is possible for a malicious user to gain control of the remote system via overrunning a buffer.

Due to the nature of the components within MDAC and RDS, Internet Explorer (IE) is also adversely affected and may be compromised by a malicious web server even if the MDAC components are not installed on the client system. Certain versions of IE allow for crafted HTTP Response packets to overrun internal components allowing for arbitrary code to be executed on the client system.

Detailed Description:

The RDS interface is provided through the file msadcs.dll. To exploit this vulnerability a user would send an IIS server a POST request to msadcs.dll and supply an abnormally long string for the Content-Type parameter; it would then overwrite various portions of heap memory. By overwriting certain function pointers within memory (eg: unhandledexceptionfilter), it is possible to kill the current thread of IIS or even execute arbitrary code within the remote process before terminating the thread.

In addition to the server-side aspect, the vulnerability also affects the RDS DataSpace object for string handling responses within Internet Explorer and may be used to exploit clients via a malicious web server. If a user were to browse a malicious site, the malicious web server could craft a remote call to force a new session that would bring the client back to the website via the new session. At this point, the server's malformed and malicious HTTP response would cause a buffer overrun within IE that could allow for the server to run unauthenticated arbitrary code on the client system before killing the IE thread.

Vendor Response:

Microsoft has released a fix for these vulnerabilities which modifies the string handling code within the DataSpace object of RDS. The fix is available at: http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com

Foundstone would like to thank Microsoft Security Response Center for their prompt handling of this vulnerability.

Solution:

Foundstone recommends reviewing the Microsoft Security Bulletin and immediately applying the Microsoft patch. The Microsoft Security Bulletin can be viewed at the following location. http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q329414

The FoundScan Enterprise Vulnerability Management System has been updated to check for this vulnerability. For more information on FoundScan, go to: http://www.foundstone.com

Disclaimer:

The information contained in this advisory is copyright (c) 2002 Foundstone, Inc. and is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing. However, no representation of any warranty is given, expressed, or implied as to its accuracy or completeness. In no event shall the author or Foundstone be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary or consequential damages resulting from the use or misuse of this information. This advisory may be redistributed, provided that no fee is assigned and that the advisory is not modified in any way.

About Foundstone Foundstone Inc. addresses the security and privacy needs of Global 2000 companies with world-class Enterprise Vulnerability Management Software, Managed Vulnerability Assessment Services, Professional Consulting and Education offerings. The company has one of the most dominant security talent pools ever assembled, including experts from Ernst & Young, KPMG, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and the United States Defense Department. Foundstone executives and consultants have authored nine books, including the international best seller Hacking Exposed: Network Security Secrets & Solutions. Foundstone is headquartered in Orange County, CA, and has offices in New York, Washington, DC, San Antonio, and Seattle. For more information, visit www.foundstone.com or call 1-877-91-FOUND.

Copyright (c) 2002 Foundstone, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide.


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