What to watch out for when writing portable shell scripts
Shell scripts are a popular choice for writing small programs that do file manipulation. They are generally portable across platforms, but there are a number of things that can make a shell script work fine on one machine and fail on another. This article reviews some of the issues shell programmers may run into when trying to write widely portable scripts.
It can be tough to know what your target platforms must be when you first write a script. Do you want to target just Linux boxes? Just a specific Linux distribution? System V systems only? There's a lot to be said for developing for a broader selection of platforms rather than a narrower one. For instance, one program I used had an installation script that specified /bin/sh as its interpreter. It depended on extensions found only in bash. The script was developed to run on a Linux system, but, apart from this installer, it worked perfectly well in NetBSD's Linux emulation.
By Peter Seebach at NewsForge.
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- Review: The Complete Linux Shell Programming Training Course (7 March 2003)