(6) Cross-domain access and Callback
Ajax cannot access cross-domains from the browser. One of the browser security features that exists in all flavors of browsers is the blocking of cross-domain access. There are several Web services that provide a callback mechanism for object serialization. Developers can use this callback mechanism to integrate Web services in the browser itself. The callback function name can be passed back so that as soon as the callback object stream is retrieved by the browser it gets executed by the specific function name originally passed from the browser.
This callback puts an extra burden on developers to have in-browser validation. If the incoming object stream is not validated by the browser then developers are putting the end client’s fate at the mercy of cross-domain targets. Intentionally or unintentionally, this cross domain service can inject malicious content into the browser. This cross domain call runs in the current DOM context and so makes the current session vulnerable as well. This entire cross-domain mechanism needs to be looked at very closely before implementation into an application.
(7) RSS & Atom injection
Syndicated feeds, RSS and Atom, are one of the most popular ways of passing site-updated information over the Internet. Several news, blogs, portals, etc. share more than one feed over the Internet. A feed is a standard XML document and can be consumed by any application. Web 2.0 applications integrate syndicated feeds using widgets or in-browser components. These components make Ajax calls to access feeds.
(8) One-click bomb
Once again this security hole is opened up as a result of information processing from untrusted sources without the right kind of validation. To exploit this security hole an event is required to be fired from an end-client. This event may be an innocuous event such as clicking a button or a link but the consequences can be disastrous. A malicious event that is fired may send current session information to the target or execute fancy inline exploit scripts in current browser context.