The Public Image of The Hacker
How can you define a Hacker? What do you look for in a person,
to really be able to say : "this, this is a Hacker" And even if you're able to do so, what do you mean by the word Hacker? By being one, does it mean that I'm a criminal? A lot of people seem to think so. The public seem to think so. It's only natural for a public to want to believe what they see. And the image of the Hacker that is portreyed in the medias is the image of a "cyber-techno-criminal"; the use of odd words like that creates a false image of the Hacker. What do you imagine a "cyber-techno-criminal" would look like on the street? That's where a problem lies. Hackers, are not different from anybody else. Don't get me wrong, they are different in a lot of ways but not to the point of being able to spot one walking down the street.
A Few Types of Hackers
It's already hard to understand what the word "Hacker" means, but
it's not the only word used in the community. That's right, there are
different types of Hackers: for example there are the WhiteHats and
the BlackHats. Even among the community these two words can be ambiguously described. Some say that WhiteHats are the hackers that try to make the movement go forward by working as security experts, system administrators and by maintaining web sites with bug reports, new technologies, news events and much more. The BlackHats, are guided by the same passion and aptitudes than the WhiteHats but they differ in what they believe in, and by their way of doing. BlackHats seem to be more underground than the WhiteHats, exchanging ideas and tools on small web sites and discussions boards. There is still a sense of uncertainty on the differences between WhiteHats and BlackHats and it would be too much to get in this subject for this article. As another type, you have what are called Crackers. Penetrating networks, going where they shouldn't and using their skills to take advantage of something. Yet another type can be found - the Script Kiddie. He can be described as a hooligan, as someone that uses tools and techniques developed by WhiteHats, BlackHats and Crackers to destroy information, deface sites and other types of digital-vandalism. The Script Kiddie doesn't really posess the skills, only the tools. Anyhow, in my mind, these types are too restrictive. I don't like to categorize and name Hackers this way because it is a way of creating stereotypes to the public. I have described each type with a definition but it was only to give an idea of what differences lie between each types.
The Purposes of The Actions
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